(iii) Plateaus Chhotanagpur and Malwa.  Other conifers include Pinus kesiya, Dacrycarpus imbricatus, Podocarpus neriifolius, P. pilgeri and Nageia wallichiana. , International conservation organizations working in the area includes Wildlife Alliance, Conservation International, and Fauna and Flora International. Palani hills are a part of the Annamalai range. Until recently, Nepal has been the world's largest producer of large cardamom. From this point radiate three ranges—the Anaimalai to the north, the Palni to the northeast, and the Cardamom Hills to the south. It includes Idukki Dam and Mullaperiyar Dam. Doddabetta (in the Nilgiris) is the highest peak. Other mammals, many of which are threatened, include Indochinese tiger, clouded leopard (Pardofelis nebulosa), dhole (a wild dog) (Cuon alpinus), gaur (Bos gaurus), banteng (Bos javanicus), the disputed kting voar (Pseudonovibos spiralis), Malayan sun bear, pileated gibbon (Hylobates pileatus), Sumatran serow (Capricornis sumatraensis), Sunda pangolin and the Tenasserim white-bellied rat.  There are at least 34 species of amphibians, three of them described as new species to science from here. The highest mountain peak of the Southern Plateau Block is not Doda Beta but it is Anaimudi (2,695 m) situated in the Anaimalai Hills. The Western Ghats mountain range is one of the major tourist attraction in the country, also known as Sahyadhris range in Maharashtra, Goa and Karnataka state. The silhouette of the Cardamom Mountains appears in the provincial seal of Trat Province in Thailand.. Kudikkadu peak is one of the high peaks in the Mukurthi National Park of Nilgiri Hills, other famous peaks are Mukurthi Peak,Pichalbetta and Derbetta. The Palakkad Gap is one of the low mountain pass in the Western Ghats at an elevation of 300 metres (980 ft) in the Kerala. , Despite the very high level of protectional status, the actual protection of the conservation areas and implementation of the law has been very poor. Throughout, Hopea pierrei, an endangered canopy tree rare elsewhere, is relatively abundant in the Cardamom Mountains. List may not be complete, since only summits in the PBC Database are included. The peak of Kudikkadu is also known as Avalanche Hill at an elevation of 2,590 metres (8,497 ft),located at Mukurthi National Park of Nilgiris. This table gives the weather forecast for Cardamom Hills at the specific elevation of 2637 m. Our advanced weather models allow us to provide distinct weather forecasts for several elevations of Cardamom Hills. Vol. Kuznetsov, S.P. It was a native produce of the forest and was considered as a natural wild plant, which was h The highway has also opened up for agricultural slash-and-burn projects and opportunistic poaching for endangered animals, all degrading the natural value and the forests ecosystems. Anamalai Hills. These paintings help with understanding the ecological history. In 2002, however, a transborder highway to Thailand was completed south of the Cardamoms, along the coast. These hills are famous for growing cardamom. Traditions, experts, and elephant populations were decimated by the Khmer Rouge Regime. The Cardamoms are home to one of the largest protected wild elephant populations in Southeast Asia. We then visit the unmissable Sri Meenakshi temple Anamudi is the highest peak of the Anaimalai Hills and also the tallest peak of the Western ghats located in the Idukki district of Kerala. (A) Sahyadn (B) Purvanchal (C) Anaimalai ... Cardamom Hills (c) Annamalai (d) Sahyadris ... 40. The Western Ghats of India is home to many wildlife sanctuaries and national parks and the protected area is home to several endangered and vulnerable species of Indian animals and birds. The highest peak in the range is Anamudi, with a height of 2,695 metres. (ii) Peaks K2, Kanchenjunga, Nanga Parbat and the Anai Mudi. Other angiosperm tree species are Anisoptera costata, Anisoptera glabra, Dipterocarpus costatus, Hopea odorata, Shorea hypochra, Caryota urens and Oncosperma tigillarium. , Malayan Sun Bear was formerly much more extant in South-East Asia, The vulnerable Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin is here, Lizards. , The Cardamom Mountains are an emerging tourist destination. The Cardamom Mountains (Khmer: ជួរភ្នំក្រវាញ, Chuor Phnom Krâvanh; Thai: ทิวเขาบรรทัด, Thio Khao Banthat, pronounced [tʰīw kʰǎw bān.tʰát]), or Krâvanh Mountains, is a mountain range in the south west of Cambodia and Eastern Thailand. Location – Idukki. ... Cardamom Hills Tribal Population. The level of active protection has been criticised.. BIOLOGICAL SERIES. 117, part 5, 2012 September – October, p. 39–50 (in Russian), BBC News, "New cryptic gecko species is discovered in Cambodia ", 24 March 2010, "A recent survey of the amphibian fauna of the Cardamom Mountains, Southwest Cambodia with descriptions of three new species", "How Luxury Camps are Saving the Cardamom Mountains", Description by Wayne McCallum of a trip through the forests in 2005, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cardamom_Mountains&oldid=992887026, Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2016, Articles to be expanded from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 17:04. My amature is rescue snake & wounded snake’s treatment of my best label and after them free of its natural habitat,not only venomous snake but any type of wild species,so if i get a chance this type of job then i will be ever grateful to your concern.Thank you. Be the first to submit your climbing note! , Most of the ecoregion is covered in evergreen rain forest, but with several different habitats. Anamudi or Elephant Head is the tallest peak of the Western Ghats,highest point in South India and the highest mountain peak in India outside the great range of Himalaya-Karakoram mountain. The Cardamom Mountains being part of the southern part of European Ghats situated in southern east Kerala and Tamil Nadu southern west at South Indian. In Cambodia, indigenous people are collectively referred to as Khmer Loeu. Those include the Nilgiri Hills, with their highest peak, Doda Betta (8,652 feet [2,637 metres]); and the Anaimalai, Palni, and Cardamom hills, all three of which radiate from the highest peak in the Western Ghats, Anai Peak (Anai Mudi, 8,842 feet [2,695…  The jar burials are a unique feature of this region, and forms a previously unrecorded burial practice in Khmer cultural history. The central part of the hills comprises the Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary covering an area of 777 km². The Palani Hills are another mountain sub-range of the Western Ghats ranges,lies between the Cumbum Valley,the Vaigai River valley and Kongunadu region. The site may date to as early as the Funan period (1st - 6th centuries) when the practice of capturing, training, and trading live elephants was first historically noted (a mission was sent to China in 357 AD with trained elephants as part of the tributary gifts to Emperor Mu of Jin). In the late 2010s, international conservation organisations, and the UN, has collaborated with the Cambodian government to halt a number of planned construction projects and clearings in protected areas. This largely inaccessible mountain range formed one of the last strongholds of the Khmer Rouge, driven out by Vietnamese forces during the Cambodian–Vietnamese War. Deerskin sourcing shifted to Cambodia and Thailand.  The Thai part of the range comprise heavily eroded and dispersed mountain fragments of which the Khao Sa Bap, Khao Soi Dao and Chamao-Wong Mountains, east, north and west of Chanthaburi respectively, are the most prominent.  The violation of the protection laws has happened on all levels, from opportunistic locals, and local business entrepreneurs, to governmental institutions, foreign companies and international criminal organisations. The station was opened to tourists in December 2013, offering guests an insight into the workings of a wildlife rehabilitation and release site while staying in jungle chalets and enjoying Cambodian hospitality.  The site is located in the eastern part of the Cardamoms near Kravanh Township (Pursat Province). , The Wildlife Release Station in Koh Kong Province is a release site for animals rescued from the illegal wildlife trade in Cambodia by the NGO Wildlife Alliance. The average height of this range is about 1200 m. The highest peak of this range is Anamudi (in Kerala) comes on Anamali hills which is a part of Western ghats. Western Ghats sub ranges or Mountain hills are home to list of the highest peaks,gaps and so many undiscovered and endemic species of fauna along with major tourist attractions. Some of the paintings may be various species of wild cow or buffalo. , Tourism is relatively new to the Cardamom Mountains. , These relatively isolated mountains are part of the Cardamom Mountains rain forests ecoregion, an important ecoregion of mostly tropical moist broadleaf forest. The Cardamom Hills are famous for pepper and coffee plantation in the Western Ghats and under consideration as a World Heritage Site. Kodaikanal hill station is a part of the Palani hills. Reimer, J. K., & Walter, P. (2013). They cover about 2,800 km of mountainous terrain with deep valleys, and includes the drainages of the west flowing Periyar, Mullayar and Pamba rivers. A unique rock art cave site known as Kanam depicts ancient elephants, elephant riders, deer and wild cow (or buffalo) in red ochre paint. Above 700 metres, a special thick evergreen forest-type dominates, and on the southern slopes of the Elephant Mountains, dwarf conifer Dacrydium elatum forests grows. 6.3% of residents 25 and older have a four-year degree, about average for South L.A. but low for the county ; In Los Angeles County, Baldwin Park, Lake Los Angeles and West Whittier-Los Nietos have the nearest percentage of residents 25 and older with a four-year degree. Here Vogel's pit viper (trimeresurus vogeli), The moist conditions of the rain forests supports numerous species of amphibians. The majority of the range is within Cambodia. Located in the Western Ghats range, it rises to 8,842 feet (2,695 metres) and is peninsular India’s highest peak. In 2016, the Cambodian government established a collaboration with international conservation organisations to increase on-ground patrolling and actual park ranger services, building several ranger headquarters and hiring armed personnel with arresting rights. Hence these hills are also known as Cardamom Hills (600-1200 m). The mountain range extends along a southeast-northwest axis from Chanthaburi Province in Thailand, and Koh Kong Province in Cambodia on the Gulf of Thailand, to the Veal Veang District in Pursat Province, and extends to the southeast by the Dâmrei (Elephant) Mountains. Most of the mountains are a dense wilderness, with almost no human population or activity, but on the eastern slopes, cardamom and pepper are grown commercially, and several large-scale construction projects have begun since the turn of the century. Cardamom Hills Climbing Notes. Eravimala. Western ghats are the source of major rivers of Peninsular India. neangthyi.  Tourist visitors to Chi-Phat continue to grow and the community is regarded as a model for community-based ecotourism, with approximately 3,000 annual visitors generating more than $US 150,000 for the local community. Meesapulimala Peak Meesapulimala is the second highest peak in the Western Ghats,located in Idukki district of Kerala at an elevation of 2,640 metres (8,661 ft). Tourism Management, 34, 122-132. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301898893_The_Kanam_Rock_Painting_Site_Cambodia_Current_Assessments, Klong Kruewai Chalerm Prakiat Wildlife Sanctuary, Cardamom and Elephant Mountains (Cambodia), "Radiocarbon Dates from Jar and Coffin Burials of the Cardamom Mountains Reveal a Unique Mortuary Ritual in Cambodia's Late- to Post-Angkor Period (15th–17th Centuries AD)", "Radiocarbon Dates from the Highland Jar and Coffin Burial Site of Phnom Khnang Peung, Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia", "The Kanam Rock Painting Site, Cambodia: Current Assessments", Beyond material benefits – Connecting conservation and cultural identity in Cambodia, "The Survival of Cambodia's Ethnic Minorities", "Southern Cardamom Forest Registered as a National Park! The percentage of residents 25 and older with less than a high school diploma is high for the county. Agasthyamalai (or Pothigai as it is known in Tamil) has long been worshipped by the people living in its shadow and is now protected for its high levels of plant diversity. Cardamom Hills mountainous terrain and deep valleys are home of three major rivers and famous Idukki Dam and Mullaperiyar Dam. Siachen glacier which has a length of 76 Km and Biafo glacier (63 Km) belongs to this range and are second and third longest glaciers outside polar region. How do you know it when you see it?  Among the animals are fourteen endangered and threatened mammal species, including the largest population of Asian elephant in Cambodia and possibly the whole of Indochina although this still needs to be proved. All Rights Reserved by WalkThroughIndia.com. Cardamom Hills is located in the southeast of Kerala and belongs to the Great Western Ghats. ... the Vindhya range, the Aravali and the Cardamom hills. To see the weather forecasts for the other elevations, use … If you’re interested in getting some exercise with panoramic views over Griffith Park, consider hiking a loop to the summit’s of three park peaks: Mount Chapel, Mount Bell, and Mount Hollywood.. A.N. The region of Meesapulimala are known for hiking,Treking and the scenic view of mountain landscapes. The Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary is located on the Nilgiri Hills in Kongu Nadu region of Tamil Nadu is home to several endangered and vulnerable species of Indian wildlife such as Indian elephant, Bengal Tiger, Gaur, endangered Indian White-rumped Vulture,long-billed vulture and Indian Leopard. Push Notifications Powered by. The highway has fragmented habitats for large mammals such as elephants, big cats and monkeys. Protections in the Cardamom Mountains comprise the following: The flora, fauna and ecosystems of the Cardamom Mountains are threatened by large construction and infrastructure projects, mining, illegal logging, and opportunistic hunting and poaching. While the Cambodian forests in the Cardamom Mountains are fairly intact, the section in Thailand has been badly affected. It is difficult to distinguish the possible cow from the possible deer representations due to the simple silhouette style. Important hills are Nilgiris, Anaimalai and … The Anaimalai Hills is also known as Elephant Hill located in the border of state of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. (iv) The Indian Desert, Western Ghats, Lakshadweep Islands. Remarks. The cave and paintings may have played important roles for rituals and magic used to placate ancestors and spirits; seek protection (elephant capture is very dangerous); bring good fortune; and transmit specialized knowledge (teaching/training). Cardamom hills are to the south of Annamalai hills and are separated from them by the Shenkottai pass. Cardamom hills are a part of the south Western Ghats nestled in the southeast of Keralaand southeast of Tamil Nadu.Anai Mudi is the highest peak in the Cardamom hills. For these reasons, the ecoregion is home to several endemic species and is a refuge for species who has been decimated or are endangered elsewhere. ... Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. Flower's long-headed lizard (pseudocalotes floweri), a species endemic to this region, Snakes. The Biligiriranga Hills range is one of the major hill range, located at the confluence of the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats. These people usually live in higher altitudes, sometimes in remote areas, in China, Laos and Vietnam. A reptile and amphibian survey led in June 2007 by Dr Lee Grismer of La Sierra University in Riverside, California, US and the conservation organisation Fauna and Flora International uncovered new species, such as a new Cnemaspis gecko, C. While the forests are habitat for more than 450 bird species, half of Cambodia's total of which four, the chestnut-headed partridge, Lewis's silver pheasant (Lophura nycthemera lewisi), the green peafowl (Pavo muticus) and the Siamese partridge (Arborophila diversa) are endemic to these mountains.  It appears, however, that rampant illegal poaching is continuing nonetheless. 2012. This is spread in a length of 500 km and contains most heavy glaciers only next to Polars. The Cardamom Hills central point is about 9°52′N 77°09′E / 9.867°N 77.150°E . Part of the mountains are home to indigenous people, including the Chhong in both Thailand and Cambodia, and the ethnic Por (or Pear) in Pursat Province, Cambodia. Threats to the ecological stability and biological diversity of the region include illegal wildlife poaching, habitat destruction due to illegal logging, construction and infrastructure projects, plantation clearings, mining projects, and forest fires caused by slash-and-burn agriculture. Whether or not elephant capture, training, and use for labor, prestige and warfare existed prior to the Funan period is unknown. Avalanche hill is home of twin-peaks of Kudikkadu and Kolaribetta, located at Mukurthi National Park of Nilgiris. Dense tropical rainforest prevails on the wet westward slopes which annually receive from 3,800 to 5,000 mm (150 to 200 in) of rainfall. Anai Mudi the highest peak in the Western Ghats (2,690m) has similarities with Sri Lanka’s Pidurutalagala Cardamom Hills (kär´dəməm), range, c.4,000 ft (1,220 m) high, c.1,000 sq mi (2,590 sq km), Kerala state, southern tip of India. Anamudi 2,695 metres in Kerala the highest peak in Western Ghats. Ponmudi or the Golden Peak is one of the major attractions of the region along with Golden Valley,Kallar River, Peppara Wildlife Sanctuary,landscape and Menmutty Falls. Other important summits in the Cambodian parts are: In Thailand, the most prominent peaks in Thailand are: The mountains contain many historic sites from the 15th- to 17th-century, containing 60 cm exotic ceramic jars and rough-hewn log coffins set out on remote, natural rock ledges, scattered around the mountains. They conjoin the Anaimalai Hills to the northwest, the Palni Hills to the northeast and the Agasthyamalai Hills to the south as far as the Ariankavu pass. A wild plant initially found in the Western Ghats of South West India. Local ethnic groups were able to maintain, sustain and promote elephant populations through a somewhat symbiotic relation until the 20th century. , The inaccessibility of the hills has also helped to preserve the primeval forest and ecosystems of the area relatively intact. For the section of the Tenasserim Hills, see. Several rivers, including the Periyar and … Growing cardamom has become an important source of income for many poor farmers. It comes under the family of ginger and process numerous medicinal values. Satpura range is a series of seven mountains (‘Sat’ = seven and ‘pura’ = mountains) … Ten Highest Peaks: Rank: Peak Name: m: ft: Range4: 1. The Cardamom hills are home to tribes like Mudugan, Urumban and Irulan who work in the tea gardens to earn their livelihood. They are made of Dharwar igneous rocks. The human population of the Cardamom Mountain Range, although very small, is extremely poor. They are thought to be home to over 100 mammals such as the large Indian civet and banteng cattle, and most importantly the mountains are thought to shelter at least 62 globally threatened animal species and 17 globally threatened trees, many of them endemic to Cambodia. The crest of the hills form the boundary between Kerala and Tamil Nadu. 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