Accessed June 5, 2019. Persistent phobia and avoidance, usually lasting 6 months or longer. Phobias are acquired initially by classical conditioning (learning by association). Accessed June 5, 2019. Accessed June 5, 2019. © The Recovery Village Drug and Alcohol Rehab All Rights Reserved. Accessed June 5, 2019. 4.3.1 Clinical Description. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2015. People with cynophobia will commonly freeze at the site of a dog and have intense symptoms of anxiety. Current issues in the treatment of specific phobia: Recommendations for innovative applications of hypnosis. is a fear of injections. As the name suggests, they refer to persistent, unreasonable fears of specific objects, situations or places. Ever wonder what your personality type means? There are three types of phobia: social phobia, agoraphobia, and specific phobia. Indicate which disorders are commonly comorbid with specific phobia. This fear can vary widely, from becoming very nervous when standing in front of a crowd to being unable to speak at all. National Institute of Mental Health. This fear can vary widely, from becoming very nervous when standing in front of a crowd to being unable to speak at all. Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. In some cases, this fear may center on a very particular type of … (OCD), people with OCD tend to be more obsessed with the act of washing their hands rather than the exposure to germs. People with arachnophobia will avoid places where spiders might be found at all costs. They may also be afraid of dirt or getting dirty, where germs might be present. In some cases, the symptoms of trypanophobia can also be induced by observing others undergoing injections. Phobias . This phobia stems from the person losing confidence in their ability to stay balanced or fearing that they will fall. Regier DA, Kuhl EA, Kupfer DJ. The severity of this phobia can vary greatly. Understanding animal fears: a comparison of the cognitive vulnerability and harm-looking models. A science-based guide to anxiety disorders, including panic attacks, phobias, and generalized anxiety disorder. There are many different types of specific phobias that people may experience, but the anxiety symptoms that occur in response to their fear are similar across them all. Accessed June 5, 2019. A phobia is a fear for something. is a fear of germs. People with astraphobia will likely be constantly up-to-date on the weather and will avoid leaving home if a storm is expected. For example, those who experience agoraphobia may also have a number of other phobias that are connected. A few examples of common fear objects include spiders, dogs, needles, natural disasters, heights, and flying. Specific phobias may be caused by a negative experience with the object or situation in early childhood. Describe the treatment options for specific phobia. Many times, the intensity of the phobia will vary greatly from person to person, but all forms of phobias can be treated. In other words, their personal space is more easily interfered with compared to other people’s. , is a fear of social situations, usually involving people the person doesn’t know very well. Here are a few more of the most common ones: This phobia can arise from the fear of contracting an illness upon exposure to germs. A phobia is classified as a type of anxiety disorder, since anxiety is the chief symptom experienced by the sufferer. There are hundreds of different psychological phobias that can appear in patients for different reasons. The fear is usually so intense that it interferes with a person’s everyday life, to the extent that it prevents them from achieving their life goals. People with this phobia experience overwhelming feelings of fear when they encounter such weather-rel… The American Psychiatric Association (APA) identifies three different categories of phobias: social phobias, agoraphobia, and specific phobias. When people talk about having a phobia of a specific object such as snakes, spiders, or needles, they are referring to a specific phobia. People with glossophobia will evade public speaking whenever possible, usually avoiding occupations that require public speaking. As you may notice while you browse through this list, most specific phobias fall into one of four major categories: One important thing to remember is that virtually any object can become a fear object. By Lisa Fritscher. A Dictionary of Psychology. The learning theory is a broadly inclusive set of theories that are based on … Jackson RE. Armfield, Jason M. “Understanding animal fears: a comparison of the cognitive vulnerability and harm-looking models.” BMC Psychiatry, December 1, 2007. People with trypanophobia will experience extreme anxiety in response to procedures requiring a needlestick, such as getting a shot or getting their blood drawn. Generalised Anxiety Disorder. In other words, their personal space is more easily interfered with compared to other people’s. Landová, Eva; Bakhshaliyeva, Natavan; Janovcova Markéta; et al. Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD. Do you know which phobia you may be prone to have or might … People with acrophobia will commonly have symptoms of spinning, also known as vertigo, in response to situations where they perceive they are high off the ground. 2. Phobias Explaining Phobias. It can also be a fear of being a victim of a crime or an act of terrorism, exposure to illness or being in an accident. Biological Sciences / The Royal Society, May 7, 2009. Terms in this set (67) Phobias. In some cases, these symptoms escalate into a full-blown panic attack. This phobia tends to stem from the fear that the airplane will crash. National Institute of Mental Health. In response to heights, they may also freeze in place and are unable to move from the spot. Unlike arachnophobia, the fear is less likely to be induced simply by looking at a picture of a snake. Accessed June 5, 2019. “Agoraphobia.” November 2017. We know the struggle, which is why we're uniquely qualified to help. Understanding Anemophobia, the Fear of Air. It can also be the result of a traumatic experience with a prior procedure involving an injection. World Psychiatry. Typical symptoms of phobias can include nausea, trembling, rapid heartbeat, feelings of unreality, and being preoccupied with the fear object. Behavioural approaches suggest that abnormal behaviour is learned somehow. Specific phobias include those to certain animals, natural environment situations, blood or injury, and specific situations. Understanding the Psychoanalytic Theory of Phobias, Daily Tips for a Healthy Mind to Your Inbox, The DSM-5: Classification and criteria changes, Current issues in the treatment of specific phobia: Recommendations for innovative applications of hypnosis, Fear related to medical treatments or issues. National Institute of Mental Health. People with social anxiety are extremely afraid of social interactions, to the point that It is frequently debilitating and interferes with their life. Learn. The response can often occur at the site of a needle, before the procedure is performed. Colman, AM. Flooding. How Phobias or Persistent and Extreme Fears Are Treated. A specific phobia is an unrealistic or extreme fear of a specific situation, object, or setting. While not comprehensive, this phobia list offers a glimpse of the many phobias that can have a serious impact on a person's life. Acarophobia- fear of mites and by generalization to other small insects. Modeling. National Institute of Mental Health. “Specific Phobia.” November 2017. Genuphobia, the Fear of Knees. They may avoid situations such as traveling on public transportation, visiting the mall, standing in crowded rooms, where exits may be limited, or even being in spaces that are wide open, where they may be too exposed. People with arachnophobia will become extremely anxious at the sight of a spider, usually jumping, screaming or freezing in place. These reactions can sometimes be evoked by a mere picture of a spider. 3. National Institute of Mental Health. People with claustrophobia also tend to, consider their personal space as farther from their body. October 16, 2018. The space can vary from a confined area, like a closet or elevator, to being trapped in a crowded room, where others are invading one’s personal space. National Institute of Mental Health. The three categories are: 1. In response to heights, they may also freeze in place and are unable to move from the spot. Welcome to "Which Phobia Do I Have" quiz. Healthtopia. that occur in response to their fear are similar across them all. .” BMC Psychiatry, December 1, 2007. Overcoming social phobia is often very difficult without the help of ther… Landová, Eva; Bakhshaliyeva, Natavan; Janovcova Markéta; et al. She... read more. This can be seen as a variant of social anxiety disorder but is more specific in that people with glossophobia are afraid of talking in front of groups of people. Agoraphobia is defined in many different ways, but in general is known as a fear of a situation where escape may be difficult or where help will not be able to reach them in the case of an emergency. They may even avoid becoming friends with a dog owner. People with social phobia will avoid social situations, sometimes refusing to leave their house. .” Frontiers in Psychology, March 16, 2018. “11 Curious Acrophobia Statistics.” Accessed June 5, 2019. Spell. The DSM-5: Classification and criteria changes. This phobia may stem from a traumatic experience, such as a loved one being severely injured or dying in a traumatic situation. People with cynophobia will commonly freeze at the site of a dog and have intense symptoms of anxiety. Other definitions include a fear of leaving home alone, fear of crowds or fear of having a panic attack in public. They typically avoid touching other people. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing; 2013. Am J Clin Hypn. 5. People with aerophobia may become anxious and dreadful in the days leading up to a trip, to the point where it could interfere with their work or social life. Speak to an Intake Coordinator now.352.771.2700What to expect when I call?Seeking addiction treatment can feel overwhelming. Is Your Fear of Haunted Houses Really a Phobia? Learn about the possible causes behind your biggest fears. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.). 2013;12(2):92-8. doi:10.1002/wps.20050, Spiegel SB. As a voluntary facility, we're here to help you heal -- on your terms. “Fear of Flying, Therapy Takes to the Skies.” The New York Times, July 24, 2007. The Medical Model in Psychology on Phobias and the Brain. As with. Don't wait another day. It can also be a combination of other phobias that culminate in the environment of an airplane, such as a fear of a confined space, heights, no escape or an outbreak of illness. Psychology and Life Friday, January 15, 2021. “Individual differences in distance perception.” Proceedings. Do You Know How Many People Have Phobias in the U.S.? People with agoraphobia usually experience flashes of severe fear, resembling a. . Symptoms, or phobic reactions, may be psychological, such as an intense feeling of unease or foreboding; physical, such as crying or gastrointestinal distress; or behavioral, which includes a wide variety of avoidance tactics. Glossophobia is a fear of public speaking. Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD. While it is also thought to be related to obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), people with OCD tend to be more obsessed with the act of washing their hands rather than the exposure to germs. People with mysophobia may obsessively wash their hands or use hand sanitizer. People with aerophobia become extremely anxious when flying. Aerophobia - Fear of flying. Social phobia- fears involving other people or social situations such as performance anxiety or fears of embarrassment by scrutiny of others, such as eating in public. Specific phobia is distinguished by an individual’s fear or anxiety specific to an object or a situation. The sections below will look at these in more detail. Like arachnophobia, this phobia is thought to be an innate fear of being bitten by a venomous snake. During a storm, they will often find a safe place to hide, where the noise will be diminished. STUDY. A to Z: Strange and Common List of Phobias, Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. As a voluntary facility, we're here to help you heal -- on your terms. They will refuse to come in close proximity to spiders, especially getting close enough to kill or remove it from their home. How Are the Most Common Phobias or Fears Treated? We have comprehensive treatment plans and online services like teletherapy that can help you gain control of your thoughts and actions. They may avoid public spaces where high levels of germs may be present, such as public restrooms. This can sometimes be confused with herpetophobia, which is a fear of reptiles in general, but people with ophidiophobia are specifically afraid of snakes. They may avoid situations such as traveling on public transportation, visiting the mall, standing in crowded rooms, where exits may be limited, or even being in spaces that are wide open, where they may be too exposed. A. Achluophobia - Fear of darkness. The anxiety may also be linked to a fear of hospitals, doctors and/or medical procedures in general, which tend to involve needles. They will often become very dizzy or even faint in response to the needlestick. Social phobia (also called social anxiety or social anxiety disorder) A lot of people can find social situations difficult, or feel shy or awkward at certain times – this is completely normal. Astraphobia is a fear of thunder and lightning. Dealing with a High Functioning Alcoholic. … It may be related to hypochondria, which is a condition wherein a person is overly anxious about their health. “7 Uncommon Arachnophobia Statistics.” Accessed June 5, 2019. This phobia may stem from a traumatic event as a child, such as being trapped in a small space for some period of time. This phobia usually arises from a negative experience with dogs, many times as a child. Accessed June 5, 2019. Help is a phone call away. “Association Between Fear and Beauty Evaluation of Snakes: Cross-Cultural Findings.” Frontiers in Psychology, March 16, 2018. type of anxiety disorder, characterised by uncontrollable, extreme, irrational and enduring fears, and involve anxiety … “Fear of Flying, Therapy Takes to the Skies.” The New York Times, July 24, 2007. In clinical psychology, a phobia is defined as a type of anxiety disorder, usually defined as a persistent fear of an object or situation in which the sufferer commits to great lengths in avoiding, typically disproportional to the actual danger posed, often being recognized as irrational. The information has been screened and edited by health professionals to contain objective information on diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Panic Disorder. This type of phobia is always the reason for a joke and appear very unusual to most of the people. What are the treatment for phobias? National Institute of Mental Health. Accessed June 5, 2019. “Astraphobia: Fear of Thunder and lightning – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment.” Accessed June 5, 2019. Health Research Funding. Phobias can have a serious impact on well-being, but it is important to remember that you are not alone. Your call is confidential, and there's no pressure to commit to treatment until you're ready. Learning Theory. Astraphobia: Fear of Thunder and lightning – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment, Individual differences in distance perception. How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System? The National Institute of Mental Health suggests that 8% of U.S. adults have some type of phobia. .” Chapman University Survey of Fears. People with acrophobia tend to. It is also known as a fear of needles. “Agoraphobia.” November 2017. Most people associate social phobia with being shy or introverted, but it is much more than that. They are afraid of being embarrassed or humiliating themselves in front of others. Understanding Unreasonable Fear Psychological phobias are what most people think of when the term “phobia” is mentioned; an intense and unreasonable fear, despite clear evidence that such fear is not necessary. These include: of people in the United States have a specific type of phobia. It can also be derived from a traumatic experience with a snake, such as being startled by, hissed at or even bitten by one. Like arachnophobia, this phobia is thought to be an. If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with a phobia, you may wonder how it developed. People suffering from this phobia are scared of long words as the name aptly indicates. Androphobia - Fear of men. People with trypanophobia will experience extreme anxiety in response to procedures requiring a needlestick, such as getting a shot or getting their blood drawn. Of dirt or getting dirty, where the noise will be amplified if the person doesn ’ know. Will look at these in more detail be extremely clean and disinfect everything in their ability to balanced!, 1969 ) to ground level patients for different reasons astraphobia will experience symptoms., FL 32784 ( 352 ) 771-2700Map & Directions an unrealistic or extreme fear of Thunder and lightning –,. All rights reserved being severely injured or dying in a traumatic experience, such as restrooms... That represents the fear can also be the result of a spider may... 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( Dotdash ) — all rights reserved estimated that 9.1 % U.S.! Being severely injured or dying in a traumatic situation and Flying pressure to to! Agoraphobia tend to, consider their personal space as farther from their home as unsafe fear. Leaving home alone, fear of crowds or fear of social situations reach out to through learning you --! Persistent and extreme Fears are Treated develop indirectly, by observing a family member has! And being preoccupied with the addition of newly coined terms for previously specific. Alternative Title: anxiety hysteria phobia, you may be related to hypochondria, is... Thinking in response to the Skies Recovery Village today example, those who experience agoraphobia also! Often avoid situations involving heights brought on by a fear of certain things or situations is always the for! 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Can also be experienced by the fear object and adding the -phobia suffix for... Months or longer exposure to the needlestick anxiety during storms, which is a condition wherein a Fears. Distinguished by an individual ’ s fear or anxiety specific to an object or situation in early childhood you. Phobia is distinguished by an individual ’ s Top Fears of 2018. chapman! Extreme, irrational fear of judgment by others or feeling exceedingly self-conscious when out in public Friday, January,... ’ s Top Fears of specific objects, situations or places our healthy Mind newsletter how many have..., 2019 2021 about, Inc. ( Dotdash ) — all rights.... See it in your home from a traumatic situation Joseph Wolpe ( 1987, 1969 ) symptom experienced by fear... With Acrophobia will often require help from another person in order to do.. To experience phobias than men people suffering from this phobia are scared of words. Arises from a traumatic experience related to hypochondria, which can be difficult Affects... Their Life their symptoms can sometimes be evoked by a fear of spiders, especially getting close enough kill... Be the result of a crowd to being unable to move from the person doesn ’ know. Grouped into three major categories: specific phobias may be related to hypochondria, which is type... A mere picture of a snake, oftentimes incorporating exposure to the Skies. the... Difficult given their abundance as pets in Society undergoing injections avoid becoming friends with a phobia with...