As reported over the past five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Romania, and traffickers exploit victims from Romania abroad. In 2019, DIICOT and DCCO participated in 80 joint investigative teams with European counterparts, a significant increase from 36 in 2018 and 44 in 2017. Such actions will continue with even greater intensity," Despescu told a joint press statement with Interior Minister Marcel Vela, US Ambassador Adrian Zuckerman, Justice Minister Catalin Predoiu and Prosecutor General Gabriela Scutea.He said that in order to increase the capacity to retaliate against human traffickers, the ministry has reached an agreement with partners in the United States for technical support in identifying these types of crimes. It involves the exploitation of vulnerable persons traded by criminals as commodities for the sole purpose of economic gain. • Allocate adequate financial resources for the implementation of the 2018-2022 national strategy and national action plan. 211 - Trafficking in Minors, Art. Human trafficking is a major problem in the EU and a priority for Europol and law enforcement agencies in EU Member States. The government maintained insufficient protection efforts. The National Anti-Trafficking Agency (ANITP) organized 160 trainings for government, judiciary, and front-line officials on a victim-centered approach in criminal cases and victim identification and assistance. This is the time for Parliament to take action and protect the people it represents," he said. Anti-trafficking legislation and measures in the Romanian context were triggered mostly by the need to respond to internal trafficking of persons and to the trafficking of human beings for whom Romania is a country of origin. 263 - Trafficking in Migrants and Law 678/2001 on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (Article 12 - Trafficking in Human Beings and Article 13 - Trafficking in Minors). Moreover, anti-trafficking efforts varied across the country, with some counties maintaining fewer staff and resources than other counties. You won't be able to hide, it's over," said the US ambassador.Zuckerman called on the leadership of the Romanian Parliament to adopt, together with the government, the legislation necessary to combat this scourge. The 2018 UNODC Global Report on Trafficking in Persons is the fourth of its kind mandated by the General Assembly through the 2010 United Nations Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking in Persons. When justice for those who are vulnerable dies, civil society must stand up for democratic legal institutions! • Romania has signed United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime and its two Protocols ... the beneficiary knows that is a victim of trafficking in persons or trafficking in minors, shall be punishable by prison from 6 months to 3 years or with a fine. These cases have induced complex documentation that has resulted in the dismantling of specialized networks in both sexual assault and labor exploitation. Romanian men, women, and children are subjected to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. Also, the posts with anti-traffic messages and useful recommendations made on the Agency's Facebook page had an impact of over 1.5 million people," Despescu added. • Amend regulations to exempt all trafficking victims Trafficking in Persons Report 2020who testify in trials from the online disclosure of their names to protect participating witnesses from retaliation and stigma and incentivize greater victim participation in prosecutions. … In the process of implementing the article 19 of the EU Directive on Trafficking in Human Beings 2011/36, Romanian authorities opted for an equivalent mechanism to a national rapporteur assigning ANITP, within the Ministry of Internal Affairs, to carry out the provided tasks. Of these victims, 327 were minors. • Provide knowledgeable legal counsel and courtroom protections for victims assisting prosecutions. reported 2,285 victims of trafficking in persons and 2,072 victims in 2007, of whom approximately 14% were children. Widespread complicity and the failure to incriminate officials hampered effective law enforcement. Since then, I have met regularly with the minister of justice, the minister of the interior and others. With these socioeconomic conditions, Romania is one of the countries in the EU with the greatest number of persons falling victim to human trafficking. Traffickers subject Romanian men, women, and children to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. Intelligence reports pointed to sex trafficking and forms of forced labor as some of these organizations’ largest sources of profit. • Proactively identify potential victims, especially among vulnerable populations, such as migrants and asylum-seekers, individuals in commercial sex, and children in government-run institutions, through enhanced training for police officers and labor inspectors on recognizing indicators of exploitation. The normative acts on the basis of which the persons accused of trafficking in persons have been convicted are: the Criminal Code of Romania, art. Authorities did not adequately screen for trafficking indicators or identify victims among vulnerable populations, such as asylumseekers, individuals in commercial sex, or children in governmentrun institutions. Thematic Study on child trafficking [Romania] 4 Executive Summary [1]. Moreover, a lack of sufficient government funding for assistance and protection services endured, leaving most victims without services, susceptible to re-traumatization, and at risk of re-trafficking. • Increase the number of police officers investigating trafficking crimes and financial investigators specializing in trafficking cases. Several NGOs criticized ANITP for investing too many resources in awareness campaigns and neglecting the pressing needs of victims. Traffickers subject Romanian women and children to sex trafficking in Romania and other European countries. “DIICOT Brasov prosecutors detained three persons in a high-risk drug trafficking case. The Minister of Justice, Catalin Predoiu, on Friday said that human trafficking and organised crime have reached an intolerable level in our country, and the former PSD (Social Democratic Party) government is responsible for this situation, for "destroying the legislation that strengthened justice" and sending a clear signal to the underworld that they could shake their heads. The Border Police General Inspectorate organized three trainings for 15 border police officers that focused on working with vulnerable persons and combating trafficking. The total number of identified trafficking victims in the period 2011-2015 was 4,622 (2011: 1,048; 2012: 1,041; The process presented logistical and financial hurdles for many trafficking victims; NGOs also covered those costs. The QFCHT continued to conduct anti-traf!cking awareness campaigns, and it published traf!cking … Victims received protection and assistance services in government-run facilities and in NGO-run trafficking shelters. However, if victims did not obtain restitution in court, the government could reimburse for expenses related to hospitalization, material damage caused by the traffickers, and revenues victims lost while being trafficked. Public officials and NGOs identified 698 victims in 2019 (518 sex trafficking; 138 labor trafficking, including forced begging and forced theft; and 42 victims of attempted trafficking), an increase from 497 in 2018 and 662 in 2017. Authorities did not adequately screen for trafficking indicators or identify victims among vulnerable populations, such as asylum-seekers, individuals in commercial sex, or children in government-run institutions. While the government provided legal aid to victims, the lawyers assigned often lacked experience working with trafficking victims. 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